Although the cruise industry is getting hot in China, the five major Chinese cruise ports are all in the red, according to the information from the China Cruise and Yacht Industry Association.
China has five cruise terminals under operation, two in Shanghai, one in Tianjin, Xiamen and Sanya, with the number of cruise passengers and voyages increasing in recent years, but the operation of the terminals are in red, Zheng Weihang, deputy president of the association said. Meanwhile, many cities such as Dalian, Qingdao, Haikou, Nanjing etc. are accelerating or planning for the construction of cruise terminals, which will send the market into overcapacity, Zheng added.
The report, also calling for a white paper, said the industry is experiencing a boom with many cities constructing wharves to accommodate cruise ships.
Five wharves are in operation; Shanghai has two and Xiamen, Tianjin and Sanya have one each.
Three are under construction in Zhongshan, Qingdao and Dalian.
Six cities — Guangzhou and Shenzhen, Haikou, Ningbo, Yantai and Nanjing — plan to build wharves.
“There is a need to work out an overall plan to decide how many wharves are required for the cruise market,” Zheng said.
China cruises in 2012 were up 8.8 percent over 2011. About 660,000 tourists enjoyed a cruise in China last year, an annual increase of 31.9 percent.
Shanghai, the first city to launch the cruise business in the country, is expected to see 330 cruises journeys in and out of its harbor in 2013, a rise of 34 percent over last year.
The city’s cruise wharves are at Wusongkou and North Bund along the Huangpu River.